The Netherlands is not only known for its tulips, wooden shoes and windmills. In the 20th century, Dutch companies such as Smit & Co and Wijsmuller were leaders in the towing world. In 1933 the first diesel tug, the Zwarte Zee (Black Sea), was put into service. This was replaced in 1963 by the Zwarte Zee IV (Black Sea IV). The sea tug would continue through life as the Zwarte Zee after its predecessor was renamed the Ierse zee (Irish Sea).
When the Zwarte Zee was put into service on May 6, 1963, it was the strongest tug in the world with a power of 9000 HP and 73 tons of bollard pull (the pulling power that a tugboat delivers at a standstill). Until 1983 it served all over the world and towed the oil rig Mr. LOUIE from New Orleans to Bremerhaven and Mr. Cap from Texas to the North Sea.
In 1984, the Zwarte Zee arrived in Taiwan to be scrapped.
I need some more skills on the ocean animation, so I will start a Houdini training this month.